Columbia is written on the bottom of her American flag colored dress, and she symbolizes America. Usually, she also is wearing a crown.
Lincoln is next to Columbia saying, “Guefs I’m the Man to carry it-I CARRIED IT BEFORE.” He has a wagon called A. Lincoln’s Union Express with Emigration, Monroe Doctrine, Pacific Railw[ay], and Emancipation.
Emigration is when people from other countries move to a country (in this cartoon it would be to the United States). During the 1860s, there were 30.4 million immigrants. The Monroe Doctrine is named from President James Monroe’s 1823 address to Congress. He said that Europe should not have colonies in the Western Hemisphere and that the United States would not participate in European Wars.
Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act of 1862 which gave government funding toward the Pacific Railroad that went from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean. It gave Land Grants and U.S. Government Bonds to the Union Pacific Railroad, the Central Pacific Railroad, and the Union Pacific Railroad to forma transcontinental railroad. The railroad was completed in 1869.
Emancipation means to free a slave from bondage. The word is used in terms of the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. President Lincoln wrote this document that freed the slaves in the American south.
The Democratic candidate in the 1864 election, McClellan, has an empty wheelbarrow with Chicago Platform written on it. The Chicago Platform was a platform to negotiate with the American South during the Civil War. People thought that the South would keep slavery and the war would end under this plan.
It is obvious that the person who drew the cartoon thought that Lincoln had more to offer the United States than McClellan. Lincoln won his second presidential election in 1864.